An excellent introduction to a familiar scientific puzzle.

THE MONARCHS ARE MISSING

A BUTTERFLY MYSTERY

Scientists and citizen scientists investigate monarch butterflies.

The first question was where the butterflies went in the fall. After the discovery of their wintering colonies in the oyamel forests of Mexico, the question changed to why their numbers have dwindled. Scientists point to a number of possible causes: weather variations and climate change; habitat reduction; herbicide use that has reduced the population of milkweed, where monarchs lay eggs and their caterpillars feed, and other wildflowers, where adult butterflies feed during migration; widespread use of neonicotinoid pesticides; and the rise of a disease due to garden planting of a winter-blooming milkweed species that encourages the butterflies to overwinter in Southern states. Hirsch, a former biologist and graceful science writer, explains the monarch life cycle and its complex migration clearly, setting the stage for her exploration of the many mysteries that still surround the population’s ups and downs. She stresses the hopeful fact that monarchs can bounce back relatively quickly, because they lay so many eggs, and she offers realistic options for readers to participate in research and to encourage butterflies. Her clear explanation is attractively presented, illustrated with stock photographs of butterflies and some human researchers (of varying ages and ethnicities) as well as with occasional appropriate charts, all supported by extensive backmatter. Sadly, the index is skimpy, a disservice.

An excellent introduction to a familiar scientific puzzle. (author’s note, glossary, further reading, become a citizen scientist, plant a butterfly garden, source notes, selected bibliography, index) (Nonfiction. 9-14)

Pub Date: March 1, 2018

ISBN: 978-1-5124-5250-1

Page Count: 60

Publisher: Twenty-First Century/Lerner

Review Posted Online: Nov. 22, 2017

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Dec. 15, 2017

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Contentwise, an arbitrary assortment…but sure to draw fans of comics, of science, or of both.

FLASH FACTS

Flash, Batman, and other characters from the DC Comics universe tackle supervillains and STEM-related topics and sometimes, both.

Credited to 20 writers and illustrators in various combinations, the 10 episodes invite readers to tag along as Mera and Aquaman visit oceanic zones from epipelagic to hadalpelagic; Supergirl helps a young scholar pick a science-project topic by taking her on a tour of the solar system; and Swamp Thing lends Poison Ivy a hand to describe how DNA works (later joining Swamp Kid to scuttle a climate-altering scheme by Arcane). In other episodes, various costumed creations explain the ins and outs of diverse large- and small-scale phenomena, including electricity, atomic structure, forensic techniques, 3-D printing, and the lactate threshold. Presumably on the supposition that the characters will be more familiar to readers than the science, the minilectures tend to start from simple basics, but the figures are mostly both redrawn to look more childlike than in the comics and identified only in passing. Drawing styles and page designs differ from chapter to chapter but not enough to interrupt overall visual unity and flow—and the cast is sufficiently diverse to include roles for superheroes (and villains) of color like Cyborg, Kid Flash, and the Latina Green Lantern, Jessica Cruz. Appended lists of websites and science-based YouTube channels, plus instructions for homespun activities related to each episode, point inspired STEM-winders toward further discoveries.

Contentwise, an arbitrary assortment…but sure to draw fans of comics, of science, or of both. (Graphic nonfiction. 9-12)

Pub Date: Feb. 2, 2021

ISBN: 978-1-77950-382-4

Page Count: 160

Publisher: DC

Review Posted Online: Jan. 13, 2021

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Feb. 1, 2021

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Like oil itself, this is a book that needs to be handled with special care.

OIL

In 1977, the oil carrier Exxon Valdez spilled 11 million gallons of oil into a formerly pristine Alaskan ocean inlet, killing millions of birds, animals, and fish. Despite a cleanup, crude oil is still there.

The Winters foretold the destructive powers of the atomic bomb allusively in The Secret Project (2017), leaving the actuality to the backmatter. They make no such accommodations to young audiences in this disturbing book. From the dark front cover, on which oily blobs conceal a seabird, to the rescuer’s sad face on the back, the mother-son team emphasizes the disaster. A relatively easy-to-read and poetically heightened text introduces the situation. Oil is pumped from the Earth “all day long, all night long, / day after day, year after year” in “what had been unspoiled land, home to Native people // and thousands of caribou.” The scale of extraction is huge: There’s “a giant pipeline” leading to “enormous ships.” Then, crash. Rivers of oil gush out over three full-bleed wordless pages. Subsequent scenes show rocks, seabirds, and sea otters covered with oil. Finally, 30 years later, animals have returned to a cheerful scene. “But if you lift a rock… // oil / seeps / up.” For an adult reader, this is heartbreaking. How much more difficult might this be for an animal-loving child?

Like oil itself, this is a book that needs to be handled with special care. (author’s note, further reading) (Informational picture book. 9-12)

Pub Date: March 31, 2020

ISBN: 978-1-5344-3077-8

Page Count: 40

Publisher: Beach Lane/Simon & Schuster

Review Posted Online: Nov. 24, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Dec. 15, 2019

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